Chemicolor / Ufacolor in GB
“Chemicoior was the name under which the German Ufacolor Process was marketed in Britain. Ufacolor was also marketed under the name Spectracolor. The process used Agfa bipack negatives loaded with the emulsion sides facing and separated by a colour filter. The negatives were printed onto double-coated film and toned with complementary colours. The process was formally demonstrated on 27 August 1936 at Elstree Studios. About 1,200 feet of film was screened, mostly outdoor subjects of European tours and indoor costume shots.”
(Brown, Simon (2012): Technical Appendix: Chemicolor. In: Street, Sarah: Colour Films in Britain. The Negotiation of Innovation 1900-55. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 265-266.)
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Pagliacci (GB 1936, Karl Grune) is one of the few feature films shot on Ufacolor or its foreign brands.
Credit: Courtesy of BFI National Archive. Photographs by Barbara Flueckiger.
“One act opera. Nedda, the unfaithful wife of Canio, is pursued by Tonio but falls for Silvio. Canio discovers her deceit and stabs her during a performance by their company of strolling players. (Synopsis)” See BFI catalogue entry
Chemicolor Samples (Kodak Film Samples Collection).
Credit: National Science and Media Museum Bradford (Kodak Film Samples Collection).
Photographs of the Chemicolor Positive by Josephine Diecke, SNSF project Film Colors. Technologies, Cultures, Institutions and Joëlle Kost, ERC Advanced Grant FilmColors.
Brown, Simon (2012): Technical Appendix. In: Sarah Street: Colour Films in Britain. The Negotiation of Innovation 1900-55. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 259-287, on pp. 265-266.
Coe, Brian (1981): The History of Movie Photography. Westfield, N.J.: Eastview Editions, p. 129.
Koshofer, Gert (1966): Fünfundzwanzig Jahre deutscher Farbenspielfilm. In: Film – Kino – Technik, 20,10, 1966, pp. 259-262, on p. 259. (in German)
Pagliacci/A Clown Must Laugh (GBR 1936, Karl Grune):
Street, Sarah (2012): Colour Films in Britain. The Negotiation of Innovation 1900-55. Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, on p. 39.