Widely used in print media around 1900, the chromolithographic printing process was first adapted for the Laterna Magica and then utilized to produce early animated films primarily aimed at children. These films were usually very short and projected in loops.
Soon, combined projectors for Laterna Magica and chromolithographic loops were available, and toy producers such as Ernst Plank in Nürnberg, Germany, began to offer them for sale via their mail order catalogues.
As the galleries below show, the short chromolithographic loops often present traditional subjects as well as adaptations of popular cinematographic films such as the works of pioneers Georges Méliès or the Lumière brothers.
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Mebold, Anke (2016): German Chromolithographic Loops. In: Le giornate del cinema muto 35. Pordenone: Giornate del cinema muto, pp. 215–221, on pp. 215–216. View Quote
Chromolithographic loops on the blog to Kaes, Anton; Baer, Nicholas; Cowan, Michael (eds.) (2016): The Promise of Cinema German Film Theory, 1907–1933. Oakland: University of California Press.
Mebold, Anke (2016): German Chromolithographic Loops. In: Le giornate del cinema muto 35. Pordenone: Giornate del cinema muto, pp. 215–221, on pp. 216–221. View Quote