Toning / metallic toning (French: virage, German: Tonung)

Applied colors: Replacement of silver

In contrast to tinting, toning is not the simple immersion of a film into a dye bath but involves a chemical reaction converting the silver image. In this reaction the neutral silver image in the emulsion of the positive film is replaced by one consisting of colored metal compounds. These were usually iron ferrocyanide (Prussian Blue) for blue, copper ferrocyanide for red/brown, silver sulfide for sepia or rarely uranium ferrocyanide for reddish brown. Toning had been used in still photography before. But since film was projected on the screen it required translucent toning compounds.

1549 Images in 62 Galleries

Tinting (French: teintage, German: Virage)

Applied colors: Dyed gelatin

For tinting, the positive print is immersed into a variety of dye baths, scene by scene. To this end, the print has to be cut into the corresponding fragments and reassembled after the dyeing process. The dye homogeneously attaches over the entire image’s gelatin including the perforation area. Usually synthetic dyes were dissolved in a weak acid solution to form a chemical bond with the gelatin.

4455 Images in 109 Galleries

Chemicolor / Ufacolor in GB

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, mordant toning
“Chemicoior was the name under which the German Ufacolor Process was marketed in Britain. Ufacolor was also marketed under the name Spectracolor. The process used Agfa bipack negatives loaded with the emulsion sides facing and separated by a ...

9 Images in 2 Galleries

Spectracolor (= British version of Ufacolor)

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, mordant toning

Rouxcolor 4 color

Additive 4 color: 4 lenses

4 Images in 1 Gallery

Gaspar Color subtractive 2 color

Subtractive 2 color: Silver dye-bleach

Pinchart

Additive 3 color: Four lenses, red-green-blue-grey

2 Images

Dynachrome

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, small gauge, double 8

Colcin

Additive 2 color: Simultaneous 1 strip
“The first two-colour additive method in which the two components were taken and projected simultaneously was the Colcin process, in 1913. The result of a Franco-Japanese collaboration, it was demonstrated at the International Kinematographic ...

1 Image

Allfarbenfilm

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter, substandard

Rota Farbenfilm

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, mordant toning

10 Images in 2 Galleries

2 Images

1 Image

91 Images in 6 Galleries

Kodak Vision Color Teleprint Film 2395

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Unidentified Processes

Various

Photographs of unidentified color film technologies. Several different principles and times. Feel free to contact us if you can help identifying them!

295 Images in 4 Galleries

DuPont Stripping Negative

Subtractive 3 color: Stripping film

2 Images

Taihang Color

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

3M Color Positive Film

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

4 Images

3M Color Positive, type 650

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

3M Color Positive, type 651

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Agfacolor Negative, type 3 (CN3)

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, universal

Agfacolor Negative, type 4 (CN4)

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, universal

Agfacolor Negative, type 5 (CN5)

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, universal

Agfachrome

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, small gauge

2 Images

Sovcolor negative film type B

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight

15 Images in 3 Galleries

Sovcolor negative type G

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Gevacolor Print Film T 9 86

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor Print Film T 9 85

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor Positive Film T 9 54

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Agfa negative XT 125

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, twin silver halides

Agfa negative XT 320

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, twin silver halides

Gevachrome

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal 16mm

10 Images in 1 Gallery

Agfa bipack films

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack
AGFA BIPACK FILM The front film is orthochromatic and sensitive, therefore, to green and blue. The rear film is panchromatic and records red-orange only, there being a red-orange filter on the orthochromatic emulsion. In fact, this is a bipack of the ...

11 Images in 1 Gallery

Agfacolor Screen Plate

Additive 3 color: Mosaic screen, still photography
“During the war, an important new screen plate appeared, based on patents taken out by J. H. Christensen in 1908. He proposed to make a concentrated solution of gum in alcohol. Divided into three parts, the gum solutions were dyed red, green ...

7 Images

Alfacolour / Alfacolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, duplitized film

Moviechrome

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm

Ansco Color negative / positive process

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, negative / positive

21 Images in 2 Galleries

Anscochrome

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16mm

3 Images in 1 Gallery

Ansco Colorpak / Ansco Color, type 735

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal 35 mm, 12 ASA

Anscochrome, type 5240

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, Tungsten, 100 ASA

1 Image

Anscochrome, type 5210

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, daylight, 100 ASA

Anscochrome, type 5230

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, daylight, 200 ASA

Anscochrome, type 5550

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, daylight, 500 ASA

Anscochrome, type 5311

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, daylight, 64 ASA

Ansco Color Negative, type 843

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 16 ASA

Ansco Color Negative, type 844

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 16 ASA

Ansco Color Negative, type 845

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Ansco Color Dupe Negative, type 846

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Ansco Color Print Film, type 848

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Ansco Color Reversal Duplicating Film, type 538

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal

Ansco Color Duplicating Film, type 132

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
See Ansco Color, type 735.

Ansco Color Release Film, type 732

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
See Ansco Color, type 735.

Super Anscochrome Tungsten, type 226

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16mm
See Anscochrome and Super Anscochrome Daylight, type 225.

Super Anscochrome Daylight, type 225

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16mm
See Anscochrome and Super Anscochrome Tungsten, type 226.

Ansco One-Strip Color-Separation Film, type 155

Subtractive 3 color: one-strip color separation
See Ansco Colorpak / Ansco Color, type 735, Ansco Color Release Film, type 732 and Ansco Color Duplicating Film, type 132.

Morgana Process

Additive 2 color: Alternating filters, 16 mm

1 Image

Supercinecolor / Natural Color

Subtractive 3 color: Color separation, duplitized film, third layer added

Color Cinema Corporation

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated

2 Images

Colorcraft

Additive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated

21 Images in 1 Gallery

Colorvision

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter

Columbiacolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Eastman Color

Trucolor 2 color

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated with dye couplers
“By the 1940s, most of the two-colour subtractive processes, apart from Cinecolor, were obsolete. The widespread use of the high-quality Technicolor process showed up the serious deficiencies in the simpler methods. The only significant new ...

Trucolor 3 color

Subtractive 3 color: Color separation on DuPont Release Positive Film

Magnacolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated
“An American two-colour subtractive process still worked by the Consolidated Film Industries division of Republic Pictures Corporation. This concern was licensed by the owners of the “Prizma” patents, which it will be remembered was ...

23 Images in 2 Galleries

Dymat Process

Subtractive 3 color: Dye transfer, Super-8

DuPont Color Film Type 275

Subtractive 3 color: Color release positive stock, multilayer monopack

4 Images

Eastman Multilayer Stripping Film / Kodak Stripping Film

Subtractive 3 color: Stripping film

Eastman Color

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
“The Eastman Colour Films are multilayer films of the type in which the layers are not separated after exposure. Films of this class are known as Multilayer, Monopack or Integral Tripack. “Multilayer” is descriptive not only of this ...

707 Images in 23 Galleries

Eastman Color Negative, type 5247

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 16 ASA

Ektachrome Commercial Type 7255

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm reversal

1 Image

Tinted film base / Kodak Sonochrome

Applied colors: Tinted film for sound films
Kodak Sonochrome was a specially prepared tinted film for sound film that did not interfere with the spectral sensitivity of the photo-electric cell for the reading of the optical sound track. The 17 Sonochrome tints were dyed in mainly light hues ...

79 Images in 3 Galleries

Eastman Embossed Kinescope Recording Film

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

2 Images

Eastman Lenticular Print Film Type 5306

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

Ektachrome EF

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm reversal, high speed

Ektachrome ER

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm and 35mm reversal

Ektachrome MS

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm and 35mm reversal

Ektachrome R Print

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm reversal

Ektachrome Video News

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm reversal, high-speed

Eastman Color Negative, type 5248

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 25 ASA

1 Image

Eastman Color Negative, type 5250

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 50 ASA

1 Image

Eastman Color Negative, type 5251

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 50 ASA

Eastman Color Negative, type 5254 / 7254

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 100 ASA

Eastman Color II Negative, type 5247 / 7247

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 100 ASA, DIR coupler

Eastman Color High Speed Negative, type 5293

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 250 ASA, DIR coupler

Eastman Color Negative, ASA 125, type 5247

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 125 ASA, DIR coupler

Eastman Color High Speed Negative, type 5294

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 400 ASA, DIR coupler

Eastman Color High Speed Negative, type 5295 / 7295

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 250 ASA

Eastman Color Reversal Film SO-260

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, daylight, 160 ASA

Eastman Color Reversal Film SO-260

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, Tungsten, 125 ASA

Eastman Ektachrome ER, type 5257

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, daylight, 160 ASA

1 Image

Eastman Ektachrome ER, type B, type 5258

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, Tungsten, 125 ASA

Eastman Ektachrome EF, type 5242 / 7242, type B

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, Tungsten, 125 ASA, TV film

Eastman Ektachrome EF, type 5241 / 7241

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, daylight, 160 ASA, TV film

Eastman Ektachrome MS, type 5256

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, daylight, 125 ASA, TV film

Eastman Ektachrome, type 5239

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, daylight, 160 ASA, TV film

Eastman Ektachrome, type 5240 (VNF)

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, Tungsten, 125 ASA, video news film

Eastman Ektachrome Commercial Film 7252

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16 mm, Tungsten, 25 ASA

Eastman Ektachrome R Print Film 7389

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman Ektachrome Reversal Print Film 7390 (SO-390)

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm reversal

Eastman Ektachrome Video News Film 7239

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman Ektachrome High Speed Video News Film 7250

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm, Tungsten, 400 ASA

Eastman Ektachrome VN Print Film 7399

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman Ektachrome Video News Film 7240

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Ektachrome Commercial, type 7255

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm reversal

Kodachrome Color Reversal Film Type 5262

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
Although Kodachrome 16mm reversal film was introduced as an amateur film format, rapidly after its introduction it became a format frequently used by (semi-)professional film makers. The reason was that Kodachrome was a relatively easy to use film ...

Kodachrome Color Reversal Film 5265

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
Duplicating stock for reversal film. Replaced Kodachrome duplicating stock type 5262. Contrary to its predecessor the new stock was not suited as camera material. Type 5265 could only be used for duplication.

Kodachrome Professional Film Type 5267

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm 35mm?
Kodachrome Professional was introduced in 1942 to be used as camera material. It was the Kodachrome material that was blown up to 35mm Technicolor dye transfer prints, which was the Technicolor Monopack system. According to Norris Pope this material ...

Kodachrome Commercial Type 5268

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
In 1946 Kodachrome Commercial camera film Type 5268 was introduced. This stock had a lower-contrast emulsion and became leading in the professional field until it was replaced by Ektachrome Commercial type 7255 in 1958. Both Commercial Kodachrome and ...

Eastman Color Print Film 7282

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16 mm

Eastman Ektachrome SM, type 7244

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, super 8

Eastman Ektachrome, type 5285 / 7285

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, daylight, 100 ASA

Kodak Vision Color Intermediate Film 5242 / 7242

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Ektachrome, type A

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, super 8, Tungsten, 160 ASA

Kodachrome II

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm, 25 to 40 ASA
Kodachrome II was introduced in 1961. It was the first film stock since 1936 that was specifically meant for amateur use. Eastman Kodak presented the material as superior to the ‘regular Kodachrome’. It supposedly had a higher speed of 25 ...

84 Images in 5 Galleries

Eastman Color Negative, type 3251

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Agfacolor Negative

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight

Agfacolor Negative, type 2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight

Agfacolor L

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
L stands for the Leverkusen brand of Agfacolor. N for negative, K for tungsten (Kunstlicht) and T for daylight (Tageslicht).

13 Images in 2 Galleries

Ferrania color / Ferraniacolor / 3M color

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

217 Images in 8 Galleries

Ferrania Type HS Color Release Positive

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Ferraniacolor, type 54

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Ferraniacolor Cine Universal

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fomacolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
A chromogenic process based on Agfacolor, see detail page Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

18 Images

Fujicolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack reversal (from 1949), negative/positive process (from 1955)
“The Fujicolor process is a three-color subtractive negative/positive process introduced in 1955 by the Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. When the process was introduced it consisted of two elements that could be used singly or together. ...

140 Images in 7 Galleries

Fujicolor Negative, type 8511

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8512

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8513

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8514

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8515

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8516

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative A 250, type 8518

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative A, type 8517

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative A, type 8511

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative High Speed AX, type 8512

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative AX, type 8514

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 35 mm, 16 mm, Tungsten, 500 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8510 / 8610 F64T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 64 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8520 / 8620 F64D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 64 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8530 / 8630 125T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 125 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8550 / 8650 F250T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 250 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8560 / 8660 F-250D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 250 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8570 / 8670 F-500T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 500 ASA

Fujicolor Positive Film F-CP 3519

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film F-CP 3519D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fuji Reala 500D 8592 / 8692

Fujicolor Positive Film Super F-CP 3510 / 3610

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Super F-CP 3510 / 3610

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Eterna-CP 3513DI / 3613DI

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fuji Eterna 500T 8573 / 8673

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 500 ASA

Fuji Eterna 400T 8583 / 8683

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 400 ASA

Fuji Eterna 250D 8563 / 8663

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 250 ASA

Fuji Eterna 250T 8553 / 8653

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 250 ASA

Fuji Eterna Vivid 160T 8543 / 8643

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 160 ASA

Fujicolor Positive Film Eterna-CP 3521XD

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fuji Eterna Vivid 500T 8547 / 8647

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 500 ASA

Fuji Eterna Vivid 250D 8546 / 8646

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 250 ASA

Fujicolor Positive Film Eterna-CP 3514DI / 3614DI

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Eterna-CP 3523XD

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Eterna-CP 3512 / 3612

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive, type 8818

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
See also Fujicolor.

Fujicolor Positive, type 8819

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
See also Fujicolor.

Gevacolor Negative

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

4 Images in 1 Gallery

Gevaert Positif Color

Applied colors: Pretinted film

Gevacolor T 6 51

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 52

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 53

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 54

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 55

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 80

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 82

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor Positive Film T 9 53

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Cox Multicolor

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter

Indu Colour

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

2 Images

Agfacolor Negative type B

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight
For more information on the Agfacolor process see the detail page Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

21 Images

Agfacolor Negative type G

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Agfacolor Negative type G was a chromogenic camera negative balanced for Tungsten illumination.

14 Images in 2 Galleries

Agfacolor Negative type B2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight
For more information on the Agfacolor chromogenic process see Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

37 Images in 2 Galleries

Agfacolor Negative type G2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Kislyn color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

1 Image

Sakuracolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal

Cinekrome

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter

Lignose Naturfarbenfilm

Additive 3 color: Mosaic screen

2 Images

DuPont Vitacolor

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter, 16mm

Mroz Farbenfilm

Additive 2 color: Alternately stained images, 9.5 and possibly 16 mm

Multicolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, duplitized
“In the Multicolor (two-color) subtractive process, two negative films are run simultaneously through any standard camera with their emulsion surfaces in contact. The front negative is orthochromatic, with the surface layer dyed orange-red to ...

66 Images in 6 Galleries

Pathécolor / Pathéchrome / stencil coloring

Applied colors: Stencil, dyed gelatin
Stencil coloring required the manual cutting, frame by frame, of the area which was to be tinted onto another identical print, one for each color. Usually the number of colors applied ranged from 3 to 6. The process was highly improved by the ...

2162 Images in 73 Galleries

Coloratura

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, dupitized positive, toned
“Coloratura. This is the process of Pathé Exchange at Bound Brook, N. J. Negatives are made by the bi-pack method. Prints are made on double-sided film and are dye-toned on one side and metallic-toned on the other. The double-sided film, ...

Photocolor

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated

42 Images

Polavision

Diffusion: Line screen, super-8 mm

13 Images

Polachrome

35mm Slide Film

4 Images in 1 Gallery

Sennett Color

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double coated, toned
“Public showings of the work done at this plant in Hollywood have been given to Los Angeles audiences. The release prints are made on double sided film. Both sides are developed at one time and then toned red on one side and bluegreen on the ...

18 Images in 1 Gallery

Bassani

Additive 3 color: Successive exposure, 72 fps
“Camera.—An interesting camera has been made by the Société Chromofilm, Paris. An astonishing mechanism moves the entire gate, and film within it, at each exposure, with reference to the normal fixed objective. Three miniature negatives are ...

3 Images in 1 Gallery

Opticolor

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

Francita-Reality / Francita / Opticolor / Realita

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter and rotary fllter, substandard

9 Images in 1 Gallery

Thomson Color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

3 Images

Splendicolor

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated film, bichromated gelatin, Pinatype

Svema LN-1

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-1

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-3

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-3

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-4

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-5M

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-5M

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-6M

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema CO-T-90 L

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema CO-T-22 D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-7

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-8

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Technic-Colour

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, duplitized

Technicolor Monopack / Kodachrome Professional Type 5267 / Eastman Monopack 7267

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
During the 1940s Kodachrome was used as camera material for films that were blown up to 35mm Technicolor projection prints. Technicolor used this technology from 1942 until the mid-1950s when Eastman Kodak introduced the Eastmancolor ...

Technicolor No. II

Subtractive 2 color: 2 toned films cemented

The first subtractive 2 color process introduced by Technicolor captured the incoming light through a beam splitter with red and green filters also. However, in contrast to the first Technicolor process, the two b/w images were recorded on one negative strip. This was achieved by the pull-down of two frames simultaneously, a process that required the double speed in the camera. These two frames were arranged in pairs, whereby the green record was inverted up-side down (see image).

133 Images in 8 Galleries

Technicolor No. III

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, dye transfer

The third Technicolor process used the same camera as process no. II to combine a pair of frames of the red and green record respectively on the b/w negative (see image). In contrast to the former process, however, the two images were printed on one side of the positive by the dye transfer or imbibition process.

1296 Images in 37 Galleries

Technicolor No. IV: Three-strip

Subtractive 3 color: Color separation, beam-splitter, dye transfer
With the fourth Technicolor process the company dominated the market for color films from the mid-1930s to the 1950s. In a special camera, three b/w negative films were exposed through a beam-splitter that consisted of two prisms to form a cube. One ...

1859 Images in 65 Galleries

Technichrome

Subtractive 2 color: Dye transfer, 2 color bi-pack, 3 color printing

3 Images in 1 Gallery

Technicolor No. V: Dye transfer prints from chromogenic negative

Subtractive 3 color: Dye transfer
With the introduction of the chromogenic Eastmancolor negative/positive process it became possible to shoot with a normal one-strip camera. Three b/w color separations were produced from the Eastmancolor negative and printed by dye transfer on blank ...

2257 Images in 41 Galleries

Chromolithography

Applied colors: printing
Widely used in print media around 1900, the chromolithographic printing process was first adapted for the Laterna Magica and then utilized to produce early animated films primarily aimed at children. These films were usually very short ...

105 Images in 3 Galleries

Hand coloring

Applied colors: Manual application

Coloring of individual frames by the use of very fine brushes. The process was previously applied to lantern slides. Any water based translucent dye was suited for the process, most often the coloring was done with acid dyes.

250 Images in 18 Galleries

Agfacolor Negative, type B 333

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight
For more information on the Agfacolor chromogenic process see Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

11 Images

Agfacolor Negative, type G 334

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Agfacolor Negative, type G 432

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Orwocolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

1022 Images in 27 Galleries

Orwochrom

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm

84 Images in 3 Galleries

Orwocolor NC 1

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Orwocolor NC 3

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Vericolor

Subtractive 2 color: unknown

40 Images

Vitacolor

Subtractive 2 color: Single coated

Fotoncolor OR Fotonkolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

1 Image

Hérault Trichrome

Additive 3 color: Alternately stained in red, green and blue
“The Hérault Trichrome process was demonstrated in Paris on 1 October 1926, with three films made by A. Rodde — a fashion show, a documentary on Brittany and a tableau of the Legend of the King of Ys. Hérault Trichrome was an extension of ...

12 Images in 1 Gallery

Hillman Process

Additive 3 color: Rotary filter, mirror system with two lenses

3 Images

Polychromide

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, later bi-pack, mordant dye
“Polychromide, a two-color subtractive process invented in 1918 by Aron Hamburger, achieved limited commercial success overseas, and was occasionally employed in England as late as 1933. Originally an orthochromatic and a panchromatic negative were ...

62 Images in 2 Galleries

Bi-pack

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, still photography
A. Gurtner (Eng. P. 7924/03; U.S.P. 730454), used a front element that was sensitive only to the blue, and a rear element that was sensitive up to but not including the red. He was the first person to suggest that the two films or plates be placed ...

1 Image

Chromo-Film

Additive 3 color: Double-sized film, rotary filter

Agfa-Gevaert

Subtractive 3 color

Kodacolor / Keller-Dorian Color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen
“LENTICULAR PROCESS In 1896 R. E. Liesegang (Ahriman, 1896) suggested a photographic color process based upon the use of banded filters in the camera aperture. […] In 1909 R. Berthon (British Patent 10,611; see also Berthon, 1910a, b) ...

24 Images in 1 Gallery

Keller-Dorian

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

14 Images in 1 Gallery

Raycol

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, sawn-off lens

13 Images in 1 Gallery

Auto Natural Color / Bernardi

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter, substandard

Theory of three-color photography

Theory

11 Images

Kingston Process

Additive three color process: rotary filters
Three black-and-white color separations were printed consecutively on one film strip and projected through the corresponding color filters, thus combining to one color image on screen.

Traube / Diachromie

Subtractive 3 color: Mordant toning, still photography
“In the imbibition process, a dye image is transferred from a gelatin relief image to a receiving layer made either of paper or film. Charles Cros described this method of “hydrotypie” transfer printing in 1880 and suggested it ...

Traube / Uvachrome

Subtractive 3 color: Mordanting, dye transfer, wash-off relief, still photography
“In the imbibition process, a dye image is transferred from a gelatin relief image to a receiving layer made either of paper or film. Charles Cros described this method of “hydrotypie” transfer printing in 1880 and suggested it ...

3 Images

Colorgraph / Cinecolorgraph

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated film
“The principle of the subtractive colour process was described first by Louis Ducos du Hauron in 1868. Although eminently suitable for colour motion pictures, the principle could not be applied until means were found of producing several colour ...

1 Image

Autochrome

Additive 3 color: Mosaic screen, still photography
“The Autochrome process was the first fully practical single-plate colour process to reach the photographic public. It was easy to use. The plate was loaded into a conventional holder, glass to the front. The exposure was made through a yellow ...

16 Images

Autochrome film / Cinécolor

Additive 3 color: Mosaic screen
Several attempts were made to apply the Autochrome process invented by the Lumière brothers to motion pictures. Transparent potato starch grains with a diameter of 15-20 were colored in the additive primaries red, green and blue. The spaces between ...