Ferrania color / Ferraniacolor / 3M color

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

217 Images in 8 Galleries

Ferrania Type HS Color Release Positive

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Ferraniacolor Cine Universal

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Ferraniacolor, type 54

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Finlay

Additive 3 color: Regular mosaic screen, still photography

9 Images in 1 Gallery

Fomacolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
A chromogenic process based on Agfacolor, see detail page Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

18 Images

Fotoncolor OR Fotonkolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

1 Image

Francita-Reality / Francita / Opticolor / Realita

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter and rotary fllter, substandard

9 Images in 1 Gallery

Friese-Greene

Additive 2 or 3 color: Alternately stained

“In 1898 William Friese-Greene, a professional portrait photographer by trade, demonstrated in London ‘the first process of true natural-color cinematography.’ His program consisted of  ‘a series of animated natural-color pictures,’ and although this demonstration aroused considerable interest at the time, Friese-Greene was unable to exploit this system on a profitable basis. Undaunted, he eventually developed a total of four different color methods.”

112 Images in 2 Galleries

Fuji Eterna 250D 8563 / 8663

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 250 ASA

Fuji Eterna 250T 8553 / 8653

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 250 ASA

Fuji Eterna 400T 8583 / 8683

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 400 ASA

Fuji Eterna 500T 8573 / 8673

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 500 ASA

Fuji Eterna Vivid 160T 8543 / 8643

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 160 ASA

Fuji Eterna Vivid 250D 8546 / 8646

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 250 ASA

Fuji Eterna Vivid 500T 8547 / 8647

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 500 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8510 / 8610 F64T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 64 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8520 / 8620 F64D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 64 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8530 / 8630 125T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 125 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8550 / 8650 F250T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 250 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8560 / 8660 F-250D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 250 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8570 / 8670 F-500T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 500 ASA

Fuji Reala 500D 8592 / 8692

Fujicolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack reversal (from 1949), negative/positive process (from 1955)
“The Fujicolor process is a three-color subtractive negative/positive process introduced in 1955 by the Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. When the process was introduced it consisted of two elements that could be used singly or together. ...

140 Images in 7 Galleries

Fujicolor Negative A 250, type 8518

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative A, type 8511

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative A, type 8517

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative AX, type 8514

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 35 mm, 16 mm, Tungsten, 500 ASA

Fujicolor Negative High Speed AX, type 8512

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8511

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8512

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8513

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8514

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8515

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8516

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Eterna-CP 3512 / 3612

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Eterna-CP 3513DI / 3613DI

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Eterna-CP 3514DI / 3614DI

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Eterna-CP 3521XD

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Eterna-CP 3523XD

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film F-CP 3519

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film F-CP 3519D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Super F-CP 3510 / 3610

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film Super F-CP 3510 / 3610

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive, type 8818

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
See also Fujicolor.

Fujicolor Positive, type 8819

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
See also Fujicolor.

Fullcolor

Subtractive 2 colors: Bi-pack, duplitized film

Gaspar Color subtractive 2 color

Subtractive 2 color: Silver dye-bleach

Gasparcolor OR Gaspar Color

Subtractive 3 color: Silver dye-bleach multilayer print film

Gasparcolor was the first three-color multi-layer monopack film available for practical use. It was a double-coated print film with a cyan layer on one side and two layers dyed magenta and yellow on the other side (see illustrations).

388 Images in 24 Galleries

Gaumont Chronochrome

Additive 3 color: Sawn-off lenses and filters, simultaneous taking and projection
“The competition between Kinemacolor and other rival systems was partially stimulated by a Utopian faith in the potential of film technology to achieve ‘natural colour’, reality ‘as it is’ being the goal of the cinematic ...

12 Images in 2 Galleries

Gevachrome

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal 16mm

10 Images in 1 Gallery

Gevacolor Negative

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

4 Images in 1 Gallery

Gevacolor Positive Film T 9 53

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor Positive Film T 9 54

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor Print Film T 9 85

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor Print Film T 9 86

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 51

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 52

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 53

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 54

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 55

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 80

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 82

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevaert Positif Color

Applied colors: Pretinted film

Gilmore Color

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter
“Gilmore’s two-color additive process was based on a patent granted to F. E. Ives in 1918. A unique optical system exposed two images in pairs, and quarter-turned them lengthwise side by side on standard 35 mm film stock. One of the images was ...

1 Image

Gualtierotti or Cicona e Gualtierotti

Additive two-color: optical system, filters, 64mm negative.
Unlike other additive systems invented in previous years, Gualtierotti tried to avoid the phenomenon of chromatic aberration inherent in the use of multiple lenses or the creation of successive separation records. The proposed solution was based on ...

1 Image

Hand coloring

Applied colors: Manual application

Coloring of individual frames by the use of very fine brushes. The process was previously applied to lantern slides. Any water based translucent dye was suited for the process, most often the coloring was done with acid dyes.

250 Images in 18 Galleries

Handschiegl / DeMille-Wyckoff / Wyckoff Process

Applied color: Imbibition
Similar to stenciling, the Handschiegl process was applied mechanically to manually defined image parts. Therefore it is an applied color process. After the film was shot and edited, for each color applied a separate print was made. In contrast to ...

141 Images in 8 Galleries

Harmonicolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated
“Harmonicoior was developed by French chemist Maurice Combes. It was first formally demonstrated in London by Harmonicoior Films Ltd, of 4 Great Winchester Street, on the 23 March 1936 at the Curzon Soho with the film Talking Hands, produced at ...

Harriscolor

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, single-coated
“Harriscolor In this method as in other methods of color photography, independent color value negatives are first obtained. The Harriscolor process can employ one of the following two methods: Either a camera wherein the dividing light prisms ...

3 Images

Hérault Trichrome

Additive 3 color: Alternately stained in red, green and blue
“The Hérault Trichrome process was demonstrated in Paris on 1 October 1926, with three films made by A. Rodde — a fashion show, a documentary on Brittany and a tableau of the Legend of the King of Ys. Hérault Trichrome was an extension of ...

12 Images in 1 Gallery

Hillman Process

Additive 3 color: Rotary filter, mirror system with two lenses

3 Images

Hirlicolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack

2 Images

Horst

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter, 65 mm negative

4 Images in 1 Gallery

Hydrotypie / Hydrotype / dye transfer

Subtractive 3 color: Dye transfer, still photography
“In the imbibition process, a dye image is transferred from a gelatin relief image to a receiving layer made either of paper or film. Charles Cros described this method of “hydrotypie” transfer printing in 1880 and suggested it ...

Indu Colour

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

2 Images

Iriscolor

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter camera, imbibition printing
Similar to Technicolor, the Iriscolor process needed a special beam-splitter camera for exposing three black-and-white negatives on Kodak film stock. These negatives were used for imbibition printing. Between 1940 and 1942, Tobis Tonbild-Syndikat AG ...

Irix-Farbenfilm

Subtractive three-color process: imbibition
Three matrices in the subtractive primary colors are printed on the gelatin of the final print. Supposedly, the used dyes were particularly fast and able to prevent color bleeding. Pokorny started working on color cinematography in the 1920s, often ...

Isensee

Additive 3 color: Rotary filter
“The first patent that has been found was granted to H. Isensee and he placed in front of the lens, both in taking and projection, a rotary shutter with three 120 degrees sectors in the usual colors.” (Wall, E.J. (1925): The History of ...

2 Images

Joly

Additive 3 color: Line screen process, still photography
“In 1894 Professor John Joly of Dublin patented a process for producing a screen of red, green and blue-violet lines by ruling them on a gelatin-coated glass plate. Joly used ruling machines of great accuracy, with drawing pens trailed across ...

7 Images

Jumeaux/Davidson

Additive 3 color: Prism

2 Images

Katachromie

Subtractive 3 color: Monopack silver dye-bleach, still photography
Karl Schinzel proposed a multi-layered monopack for still photography, based on the principle of the dye-bleach process which was later elaborated to a practical application with Gasparcolor.

Keller-Dorian

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

14 Images in 1 Gallery

Kelleycolor

Subtractive 2 color: Dye transfer
“In 1919 Kelley produced a series of coloured cartoons which were drawn by Pinto Colvig. In 1924 he introduced “Kelleycolor,” which was an imbibition process. Two colours were imbibed on a black-and-white key image. In 1926 he ...

1 Image

Kesdacolor

Subtractive 2 color: Line screen filter, duplitized film stock
”The process as illustrated in USP 1431309 was a two-color additive process, but it is stated that it could be a three- or four-color process. For the original photography, the negative was exposed through a line screen composed of alternate bands ...

1 Image

Kinemacolor

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter

Kinemacolor was an additive process operated with alternating red and green filters that were applied to the shutter in front of the camera and in front of the projector. With at least 32 fps the frame rate was double the minimal frame rate of 16 fps. Time parallax with small differences between the red and green record resulted in color fringes that became visible when objects or scenes were moving.

13 Images in 3 Galleries

Kingston Process

Additive three color process: rotary filters
Three black-and-white color separations were printed consecutively on one film strip and projected through the corresponding color filters, thus combining to one color image on screen.

Kislyn color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

1 Image

Kodachrome

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 8 and 16 mm

“In 1930 Mannes and Godowsky were invited to join the staff of the Kodak Research Laboratory, where they concentrated on methods of processing multilayer films, while their colleagues worked out ways of manufacturing them. The result was the new Kodachrome film, launched in 1935. Three very thin emulsion layers were coated on film base, the emulsions being sensitised with non-wandering dyes to red, green and blue light, the red-sensitive layer being at the bottom.” (Coe, Brian (1978): Colour Photography. The First Hundred Years 1840-1940. London: Ash & Grant, pp. 121 ff.)

44 Images in 4 Galleries

Kodachrome Color Reversal Film 5265

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
Duplicating stock for reversal film. Replaced Kodachrome duplicating stock type 5262. Contrary to its predecessor the new stock was not suited as camera material. Type 5265 could only be used for duplication.

Kodachrome Color Reversal Film Type 5262

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
Although Kodachrome 16mm reversal film was introduced as an amateur film format, rapidly after its introduction it became a format frequently used by (semi-)professional film makers. The reason was that Kodachrome was a relatively easy to use film ...

Kodachrome Commercial Type 5268

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
In 1946 Kodachrome Commercial camera film Type 5268 was introduced. This stock had a lower-contrast emulsion and became leading in the professional field until it was replaced by Ektachrome Commercial type 7255 in 1958. Both Commercial Kodachrome and ...

Kodachrome II

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm, 25 to 40 ASA
Kodachrome II was introduced in 1961. It was the first film stock since 1936 that was specifically meant for amateur use. Eastman Kodak presented the material as superior to the ‘regular Kodachrome’. It supposedly had a higher speed of 25 ...

84 Images in 5 Galleries

Kodachrome Professional Film Type 5267

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm 35mm?
Kodachrome Professional was introduced in 1942 to be used as camera material. It was the Kodachrome material that was blown up to 35mm Technicolor dye transfer prints, which was the Technicolor Monopack system. According to Norris Pope this material ...

Kodachrome Two-color 1915, after 1930 renamed Fox Nature Color

Subtractive 2 color process: Beam-splitter, double-coated film

The Kodachrome process was invented in 1913 by John G. Capstaff for still photography and subsequently adapted to motion pictures. For the process two frames were advanced simultaneously, one located above the other. The light passed either through two lenses or through a beam-splitter, fitted with red and green filters. The release print was exposed through a beam-splitter whereby the alternate frames were projected onto either side of double-coated stock. After development by a usual b/w process, the film was tanned to harden the exposed areas. The soft areas were dyed red-orange and blue-green respectively.

329 Images in 12 Galleries

Kodacolor / Keller-Dorian Color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen
“LENTICULAR PROCESS In 1896 R. E. Liesegang (Ahriman, 1896) suggested a photographic color process based upon the use of banded filters in the camera aperture. […] In 1909 R. Berthon (British Patent 10,611; see also Berthon, 1910a, b) ...

24 Images in 1 Gallery

Kodak Color Asset Protection Film 2332

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Kodak EXR Primetime 640T Teleproduction Film 5620 / 7620

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Kodak Panchromatic Separation Film 2238

Black and white panchromatic film: Three-color separation positives from color negatives

Kodak SFX 200T Color Negative Film

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 35 mm