Theory of three-color photography

Theory

11 Images

Auto Natural Color / Bernardi

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter, substandard

Raycol

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, sawn-off lens

13 Images in 1 Gallery

Keller-Dorian

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

14 Images in 2 Galleries

Kodacolor / Keller-Dorian Color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen
“LENTICULAR PROCESS In 1896 R. E. Liesegang (Ahriman, 1896) suggested a photographic color process based upon the use of banded filters in the camera aperture. […] In 1909 R. Berthon (British Patent 10,611; see also Berthon, 1910a, b) ...

24 Images in 1 Gallery

Agfa-Gevaert

Subtractive 3 color

Chromo-Film

Additive 3 color: Double-sized film, rotary filter

Bi-pack

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, still photography
A. Gurtner (Eng. P. 7924/03; U.S.P. 730454), used a front element that was sensitive only to the blue, and a rear element that was sensitive up to but not including the red. He was the first person to suggest that the two films or plates be placed ...

1 Image

Polychromide

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, later bi-pack, mordant dye
“Polychromide, a two-color subtractive process invented in 1918 by Aron Hamburger, achieved limited commercial success overseas, and was occasionally employed in England as late as 1933. Originally an orthochromatic and a panchromatic negative were ...

62 Images in 2 Galleries

Hillman Process

Additive 3 color: Rotary filter, mirror system with two lenses

3 Images

Hérault Trichrome

Additive 3 color: Alternately stained in red, green and blue
“The Hérault Trichrome process was demonstrated in Paris on 1 October 1926, with three films made by A. Rodde — a fashion show, a documentary on Brittany and a tableau of the Legend of the King of Ys. Hérault Trichrome was an extension of ...

12 Images in 1 Gallery

Fotoncolor OR Fotonkolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

1 Image

Vitacolor

Subtractive 2 color: Single coated

Vericolor

Subtractive 2 color: unknown

40 Images

Orwocolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

1022 Images in 27 Galleries

Orwochrom

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm

84 Images in 3 Galleries

Orwocolor NC 1

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Orwocolor NC 3

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Agfacolor Negative, type B 333

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight
For more information on the Agfacolor chromogenic process see Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

11 Images

Agfacolor Negative, type G 334

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Agfacolor Negative, type G 432

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Hand coloring

Applied colors: Manual application

Coloring of individual frames by the use of very fine brushes. The process was previously applied to lantern slides. Any water based translucent dye was suited for the process, most often the coloring was done with acid dyes.

250 Images in 18 Galleries

Chromolithography

Applied colors: printing
Widely used in print media around 1900, the chromolithographic printing process was first adapted for the Laterna Magica and then utilized to produce early animated films primarily aimed at children. These films were usually very short ...

105 Images in 3 Galleries

Technicolor No. II

Subtractive 2 color: 2 toned films cemented

The first subtractive 2 color process introduced by Technicolor captured the incoming light through a beam splitter with red and green filters also. However, in contrast to the first Technicolor process, the two b/w images were recorded on one negative strip. This was achieved by the pull-down of two frames simultaneously, a process that required the double speed in the camera. These two frames were arranged in pairs, whereby the green record was inverted up-side down (see image).

133 Images in 8 Galleries

Technicolor No. III

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, dye transfer

The third Technicolor process used the same camera as process no. II to combine a pair of frames of the red and green record respectively on the b/w negative (see image). In contrast to the former process, however, the two images were printed on one side of the positive by the dye transfer or imbibition process.

1296 Images in 37 Galleries

Technicolor No. IV: Three-strip

Subtractive 3 color: Color separation, beam-splitter, dye transfer
With the fourth Technicolor process the company dominated the market for color films from the mid-1930s to the 1950s. In a special camera, three b/w negative films were exposed through a beam-splitter that consisted of two prisms to form a cube. One ...

1859 Images in 65 Galleries

Technichrome

Subtractive 2 color: Dye transfer, 2 color bi-pack, 3 color printing

3 Images in 1 Gallery

Technicolor No. V: Dye transfer prints from chromogenic negative

Subtractive 3 color: Dye transfer
With the introduction of the chromogenic Eastmancolor negative/positive process it became possible to shoot with a normal one-strip camera. Three b/w color separations were produced from the Eastmancolor negative and printed by dye transfer on blank ...

2257 Images in 41 Galleries

Technicolor Monopack / Kodachrome Professional Type 5267 / Eastman Monopack 7267

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
During the 1940s Kodachrome was used as camera material for films that were blown up to 35mm Technicolor projection prints. Technicolor used this technology from 1942 until the mid-1950s when Eastman Kodak introduced the Eastmancolor ...

Technic-Colour

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, duplitized

Svema LN-1

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-1

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-3

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-3

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-4

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-5M

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-5M

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-6M

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema CO-T-90 L

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema CO-T-22 D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-7

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-8

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Splendicolor

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated film, bichromated gelatin, Pinatype

Thomson Color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

3 Images

Francita-Reality / Francita / Opticolor / Realita

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter and rotary fllter, substandard

9 Images in 1 Gallery

Opticolor

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

Bassani

Additive 3 color: Successive exposure, 72 fps
“Camera.—An interesting camera has been made by the Société Chromofilm, Paris. An astonishing mechanism moves the entire gate, and film within it, at each exposure, with reference to the normal fixed objective. Three miniature negatives are ...

3 Images in 1 Gallery

Sennett Color

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double coated, toned
“Public showings of the work done at this plant in Hollywood have been given to Los Angeles audiences. The release prints are made on double sided film. Both sides are developed at one time and then toned red on one side and bluegreen on the ...

18 Images in 1 Gallery

Polavision

Diffusion: Line screen, super-8 mm

13 Images

Polachrome

35mm Slide Film

4 Images in 1 Gallery

Photocolor

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated

42 Images

Coloratura

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, dupitized positive, toned
“Coloratura. This is the process of Pathé Exchange at Bound Brook, N. J. Negatives are made by the bi-pack method. Prints are made on double-sided film and are dye-toned on one side and metallic-toned on the other. The double-sided film, ...

Pathécolor / Pathéchrome / stencil coloring

Applied colors: Stencil, dyed gelatin
Stencil coloring required the manual cutting, frame by frame, of the area which was to be tinted onto another identical print, one for each color. Usually the number of colors applied ranged from 3 to 6. The process was highly improved by the ...

2162 Images in 73 Galleries

Multicolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, duplitized
“In the Multicolor (two-color) subtractive process, two negative films are run simultaneously through any standard camera with their emulsion surfaces in contact. The front negative is orthochromatic, with the surface layer dyed orange-red to ...

66 Images in 6 Galleries

Mroz Farbenfilm

Additive 2 color: Alternately stained images, 9.5 and possibly 16 mm

DuPont Vitacolor

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter, 16mm

Lignose Naturfarbenfilm

Additive 3 color: Mosaic screen

2 Images

Cinekrome

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter

Sakuracolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal

Kislyn color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

1 Image

Agfacolor Negative type B

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight
For more information on the Agfacolor process see the detail page Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

21 Images

Agfacolor Negative type G

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Agfacolor Negative type G was a chromogenic camera negative balanced for Tungsten illumination.

14 Images in 2 Galleries

Agfacolor Negative type B2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight
For more information on the Agfacolor chromogenic process see Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

37 Images in 2 Galleries

Agfacolor Negative type G2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Indu Colour

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

2 Images

Cox Multicolor

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter

Gevacolor Positive Film T 9 53

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor Negative

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

4 Images in 1 Gallery

Gevaert Positif Color

Applied colors: Pretinted film

Gevacolor T 6 51

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 52

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 53

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 54

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 55

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 80

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Gevacolor T 6 82

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack reversal (from 1949), negative/positive process (from 1955)
“The Fujicolor process is a three-color subtractive negative/positive process introduced in 1955 by the Fuji Photo Film Co., Ltd., Tokyo, Japan. When the process was introduced it consisted of two elements that could be used singly or together. ...

140 Images in 7 Galleries

Fujicolor Negative, type 8511

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8512

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8513

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8514

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8515

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative, type 8516

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative A 250, type 8518

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative A, type 8517

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative A, type 8511

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative High Speed AX, type 8512

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Negative AX, type 8514

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 35 mm, 16 mm, Tungsten, 500 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8510 / 8610 F64T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 64 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8520 / 8620 F64D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 64 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8530 / 8630 125T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 125 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8550 / 8650 F250T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 250 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8560 / 8660 F-250D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight, 250 ASA

Fuji F-Series 8570 / 8670 F-500T

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 500 ASA

Fujicolor Positive Film F-CP 3519

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fujicolor Positive Film F-CP 3519D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Fuji Reala 500D 8592 / 8692

Fujicolor Positive Film Super F-CP 3510 / 3610

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack