Thomascolor

Additive 3 color: 4 images on 65 mm

5 Images

Agfacolor Ultra Film

Additive 3 color: mosaic screen, combined system, still photography and 35mm MPF (1935–1936)
“Agfacolor Ultra Film (1934–1941): individual colored grains cannot be seen with the naked eye, but clumps of grains of the same color give the image a pointillist effect (Fig. 2.72). There is no black pigment filler. The film has a thick ...

1 Image

Sistema Cristiani-Mascarini

Additive four-color: beam splitter and filters, four images on 35mm black and white film.
For this four-color process, the light beam was decomposed into four parts, each of which simultaneously exposed an area equal to one quarter of the 35mm frame of a black and white negative. This was obtained optically by placing a diaphragm and a ...

2 Images

Cinemacolor

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, sub-standard vertical

2 Images

Kodachrome

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 8 and 16 mm

“In 1930 Mannes and Godowsky were invited to join the staff of the Kodak Research Laboratory, where they concentrated on methods of processing multilayer films, while their colleagues worked out ways of manufacturing them. The result was the new Kodachrome film, launched in 1935. Three very thin emulsion layers were coated on film base, the emulsions being sensitised with non-wandering dyes to red, green and blue light, the red-sensitive layer being at the bottom.” (Coe, Brian (1978): Colour Photography. The First Hundred Years 1840-1940. London: Ash & Grant, pp. 121 ff.)

92 Images in 6 Galleries

Cosmocolor

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated

2 Images

Chromatone

Subtractive 3 color: silver toning, still photography
“Chromatone was the first commercially viable process of color print making entirely based on silver toning. It was developed in the early 1930s by the New Yorkers Francis H. Snyder and Henry W. Rimbach, who patented the toning methods and ...

2 Images

Dascolour

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated print

1 Image

Francita-Reality / Francita / Opticolor / Realita

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter and rotary fllter, substandard

9 Images in 1 Gallery

Harmonicolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, double-coated
“Harmonicoior was developed by French chemist Maurice Combes. It was first formally demonstrated in London by Harmonicoior Films Ltd, of 4 Great Winchester Street, on the 23 March 1936 at the Curzon Soho with the film Talking Hands, produced at ...

Crosene Process

Additive 4 color: Bi-pack, substandard

Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal (from 1936), negative/positive process (from 1939)
“The New Agfacolor Process; Agfa Ansco Corp., Binghamton, N. Y. A survey of the history of monopack or multilayer photographic color processes is given, including the coloring methods of greatest importance at the present time. These are: (a) ...

640 Images in 21 Galleries

Hirlicolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack

2 Images

Russian three-color process

Subtractive three color

6 Images

Berthon-Siemens / Siemens-Berthon / Siemens-Perutz-Verfahren / Opticolor

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

5 Images

Agfacolor Ultra Plate

Additive 3 color: mosaic screen, combined system, still photography
“Agfacolor Ultra Plate (1936–1938): colored particles very small and not visible to the naked eye, but clumps of particles of the same color give the image a pointillist effect (Fig. 2.65). Unlike with the autochromes, in which the grains are ...

1 Image

Telco Color, additive 2 color

Additive 2 color: Split optics, side by side

Carbro-Chromatone

Subtractive 3 color: pigment process, still photography
“References to Carbro-Chromatone prints are sometimes found in the literature on early color photography. These prints were made using a combination of the two processes they were named after. The method was described by Harlan L. Baumbach in ...

Dunning Color

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated

Dufaycolor reversal

Additive 3 color: Line screen (réseau), 16 mm, reversal
(see detail page on Dufaycolor)

Kodachrome Color Reversal Film Type 5262

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
Although Kodachrome 16mm reversal film was introduced as an amateur film format, rapidly after its introduction it became a format frequently used by (semi-)professional film makers. The reason was that Kodachrome was a relatively easy to use film ...

Pantachrom

Subtractive 3 color: Bi-pack and lenticular film recording, duplitized film with toning and silver dye-bleach
“In October, Eggert of the Agfa Research Department, read a paper at the Berlin meeting of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für photographische Forschung, on the Pantochrom subtractive lenticular bipack tricolor process. (Fig. 1) The green and blue ...

19 Images in 3 Galleries

Telco color subtractive 2 color

Subtractive 2 color: Split optics, side by side, duplitized film

1 Image

Iriscolor

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter camera, imbibition printing
Similar to Technicolor, the Iriscolor process needed a special beam-splitter camera for exposing three black-and-white negatives on Kodak film stock. These negatives were used for imbibition printing. Between 1940 and 1942, Tobis Tonbild-Syndikat AG ...

Kodachrome Color Reversal Film 5265

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
Duplicating stock for reversal film. Replaced Kodachrome duplicating stock type 5262. Contrary to its predecessor the new stock was not suited as camera material. Type 5265 could only be used for duplication.

Technicolor Monopack / Kodachrome Professional Type 5267 / Eastman Monopack 7267

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
During the 1940s Kodachrome was used as camera material for films that were blown up to 35mm Technicolor projection prints. Technicolor used this technology from 1942 until the mid-1950s when Eastman Kodak introduced the Eastmancolor ...

Agfacolor Negative type B

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight
For more information on the Agfacolor process see the detail page Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

21 Images

Crawford Flexichrome 1940–1942, after 1949 Kodak Flexichrome

Subtractive 3 color: hybrid dye imbibition process, still photography
“In the 1940s a product called Crawford Flexichrome appeared on the market. It allowed photographers to obtain prints or transparencies in full color by simply applying dyes of various colors by hand to a gelatin relief image.16 Results ...

1 Image

Agfacolor Negative type G

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Agfacolor Negative type G was a chromogenic camera negative balanced for Tungsten illumination.

14 Images in 2 Galleries

Gaspar Color subtractive 2 color

Subtractive 2 color: Silver dye-bleach

Agfacolor Negative type B2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight
For more information on the Agfacolor chromogenic process see Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

37 Images in 2 Galleries

Agfacolor Negative type G2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Kodachrome Professional Film Type 5267

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm 35mm?
Kodachrome Professional was introduced in 1942 to be used as camera material. It was the Kodachrome material that was blown up to 35mm Technicolor dye transfer prints, which was the Technicolor Monopack system. According to Norris Pope this material ...

Fullcolor

Subtractive 2 colors: Bi-pack, duplitized film

Ansco Color Printon; Improved Printon Anscochrome Type / GAF Printon Type 6400 / GAF Printon Type 6410 (1956–1981)

Subtractive 3 color: dye coupling or chromogenic process, still photography
“Ansco Color Printon In 1943 Ansco followed suit and launched a printing material on white-pigmented acetate base called Ansco Color Printon (Fig. 5.7). Initially, Printon was made accessible only to the military. After 1945 it became available to ...

2 Images

Autotype Wet Carbon

Subtractive 3 color: pigment process, still photography
“Introduced by the Autotype Company in 1944, the Autotype Wet Carbon Process was a variant of the traditional carbon process with novelty wet-printing pigment papers. Considerable time was saved when printing with this material as the pigment ...

Sovcolor negative type G

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Sovcolor negative film type B

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight

15 Images in 3 Galleries

British Tricolour / Dufaychrome

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter, three-strip, multiple printing

19 Images in 3 Galleries

Svema LN-1

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Ansco Colorpak / Ansco Color, type 735

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal 35 mm, 12 ASA

Kodachrome Commercial Type 5268

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm
In 1946 Kodachrome Commercial camera film Type 5268 was introduced. This stock had a lower-contrast emulsion and became leading in the professional field until it was replaced by Ektachrome Commercial type 7255 in 1958. Both Commercial Kodachrome and ...

Konicolor

Subtractive 3 color

“The Konicolor system, introduced by Konishiroku Shashin Kogyo (Now Konica Minolta Holdings, Inc.), split the image into three colors and shot them separately onto three b&w films. In that sense it had something in common with the US ‘Technicolor system’, but this was not a contact print with color dye to create positive film, but used coated emulsion to develop each color in a triple process, which is peculiar. […].”

Ansco Color Duplicating Film, type 132

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
See Ansco Color, type 735.

Ansco Color Release Film, type 732

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
See Ansco Color, type 735.

Sakuracolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal

Svema DS-1

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Americolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, duplitized

Thomson Color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

3 Images

Polacolor

Subtractive 3 color: Color separation, multicolor dye images