Hirlicolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack

2 Images

Kinemacolor

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter

Kinemacolor was an additive process operated with alternating red and green filters that were applied to the shutter in front of the camera and in front of the projector. With at least 32 fps the frame rate was double the minimal frame rate of 16 fps. Time parallax with small differences between the red and green record resulted in color fringes that became visible when objects or scenes were moving.

13 Images in 3 Galleries

Predecessor of Kinemacolor

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter
“Then we come upon the name of George Albert Smith, F.R.A.S., of Laboratory Lodge, Roman Crescent, Southwick, Brighton, who in E.P. 26,671, of 1906, patented the method which eventually was commercialized as Kinemacolor. In this patent he ...

3M Posi-Tone

Subtractive 3 color: dye destruction process, silver dye-bleach, still photography
“In 1956, after the failure of the French venture, Gaspar resumed his own production of printing materials and chemicals (Koshofer 1981a). In the late 1950s he entered into an agreement with 3M Company of St. Paul, Minnesota, to explore the ...

Lippmann

Direct color photography: Interference, still photography
“In 1891, Professor Gabriel Lippmann demonstrated to the French Académie des Sciences interference colour photographs of the spectrum and of stained glass windows, taken by a modification of Wiener’s method. An exceedingly fine grained, ...

5 Images

Crosene Process

Additive 4 color: Bi-pack, substandard

Lee and Turner

Additive 3 color: Rotary filter
“Frederick Marshall Lee, of Walton, and Edward Raymond Turner, of Hounslow, to whom is usually accorded the credit of achieving the first practical results in additive projection. Their experimental work was financed by Charles Urban, a ...

16 Images in 1 Gallery

Gilmore Color

Additive 2 color: Rotary filter
“Gilmore’s two-color additive process was based on a patent granted to F. E. Ives in 1918. A unique optical system exposed two images in pairs, and quarter-turned them lengthwise side by side on standard 35 mm film stock. One of the images was ...

1 Image

Iriscolor

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter camera, imbibition printing
Similar to Technicolor, the Iriscolor process needed a special beam-splitter camera for exposing three black-and-white negatives on Kodak film stock. These negatives were used for imbibition printing. Between 1940 and 1942, Tobis Tonbild-Syndikat AG ...

Donisthorpe

Additive two color process: rotating filters and toning
The film is recorded through alternating red and green filters, creating two color separations. After development, the print is placed in two alternating dye-baths, toning the blacks green and the whites red. Additionally, a black-and-white copy is ...

Chromatone

Subtractive 3 color: silver toning, still photography
“Chromatone was the first commercially viable process of color print making entirely based on silver toning. It was developed in the early 1930s by the New Yorkers Francis H. Snyder and Henry W. Rimbach, who patented the toning methods and ...

2 Images

Procédé Colombier

Subtractive 3 color: Tri-pack
“M. F. de Colombier appears to have been the first to suggest the application of this system to cinematography, and like so many French patents it is a little indefinite in phraseology. Three films were employed representing the same view and ...

1 Image

Roncarolo

Subtractive 2, 3 or 4 color: Beam-splitter and bi-pack, later dye-transfer
The Roncarolo system required a camera capable of recording two panchromatic negatives (which became three or four in subsequent patents) through the use of a beam splitter and red and green filters. The chromatic information registered on the two or ...

Wolff-Heide

additive three-color: Integrated filters and rotary filter
Much like many other additive processes, the Wolff-Heide system was based on three black and white color separations printed consecutively on one film strip and projected through a rotary filter attached to the projector. However, the biggest ...

Busch Farbenfilm

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, red-green

5 Images in 1 Gallery

Polacolor Instant Photography

instant still photography
“Polacolor was commercialized in 1963 and became an immediate success. It was acclaimed as the “most outstanding single advance in photographic science made during this century” (Crawley 1963). Indeed, Polacolor introduced important new ...

4 Images

Caille

Additive three-color: line screen, still photography
Process for still photography in which light is filtered through a screen or transparent plate covered in lines or dots in the primary colors orange, green and violet. For the positive, the process relies on a support material which includes an ...

Eastman Ektachrome 7251

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, high speed, color reversal, 16mm, daylight

Eastman Color Print Film 5384 / 7384

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color High Speed Negative Film 7292

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Print Film 5381 (1950)

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
Not to be confused with the Eastman Color Print Film 5381 / 7381 from 1970.

Eastman Color Internegative Film 5243

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Internegative Film 5245

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Print Film 5382 / 7382

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Television Recording Film 5374 / 7374

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Reversal Color Print Film Type 5269 / 7387

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal
Eastman Kodak reversal film duplication stock for (semi)professional use. Replaced Type 5265. Type 7387 introduced in 1964 as improved version. Difficult to see the difference (BL).

Eastman Color Internegative Film 5270 / 7270

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Intermedeate Film 5253

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Print Film 7383

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Print Film 5385 / 7385

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman RP Negative Film 7229

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Reversal Print Film 7387

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm

Eastman Color Print Film 5744

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Print Film 7380

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman Direct MP Film 5360 / 7360

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Reversal Intermedeate Film 5249 / 7249

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal

Eastman Color SP Print Film 5383 / 7383

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color SP Low Contrast (minus 25%) Print Film 5738 / 7738

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color LF Print Film 7378

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman Color LFSP Film 7379

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman Color II Negative, type 5247 / 7247 F

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color II Internegative Film 5272 / 7272 S

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Negative Film 7291

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 100 ASA

Eastman Color LC Print Film 5380 / 7380

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Fine Grain Release Positive Film 5302 / 7302

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman EXR 100T Color Negative Film 7248

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman EXR 50D Color Negative Film 5245 / 7245

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman EXR 500T Color Negative Film 5296

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman EXR 100T Color Negative Film 5248

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 100 ASA