Svema DS-2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-2

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-3

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-3

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-4

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema DS-5M

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-5M

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-6M

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema CO-T-90 L

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema CO-T-22 D

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-7

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Svema LN-8

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Technic-Colour

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, duplitized

Technicolor Monopack / Kodachrome Professional Type 5267 / Eastman Monopack 7267

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
During the 1940s Kodachrome was used as camera material for films that were blown up to 35mm Technicolor projection prints. Technicolor used this technology from 1942 until the mid-1950s when Eastman Kodak introduced the Eastmancolor ...

Technicolor No. II

Subtractive 2 color: 2 toned films cemented

The first subtractive 2 color process introduced by Technicolor captured the incoming light through a beam splitter with red and green filters also. However, in contrast to the first Technicolor process, the two b/w images were recorded on one negative strip. This was achieved by the pull-down of two frames simultaneously, a process that required the double speed in the camera. These two frames were arranged in pairs, whereby the green record was inverted up-side down (see image).

133 Images in 8 Galleries

Technicolor No. III

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, dye transfer

The third Technicolor process used the same camera as process no. II to combine a pair of frames of the red and green record respectively on the b/w negative (see image). In contrast to the former process, however, the two images were printed on one side of the positive by the dye transfer or imbibition process.

1296 Images in 37 Galleries

Technicolor No. IV: Three-strip

Subtractive 3 color: Color separation, beam-splitter, dye transfer
With the fourth Technicolor process the company dominated the market for color films from the mid-1930s to the 1950s. In a special camera, three b/w negative films were exposed through a beam-splitter that consisted of two prisms to form a cube. One ...

1859 Images in 65 Galleries

Technichrome

Subtractive 2 color: Dye transfer, 2 color bi-pack, 3 color printing

3 Images in 1 Gallery

Technicolor No. V: Dye transfer prints from chromogenic negative

Subtractive 3 color: Dye transfer
With the introduction of the chromogenic Eastmancolor negative/positive process it became possible to shoot with a normal one-strip camera. Three b/w color separations were produced from the Eastmancolor negative and printed by dye transfer on blank ...

2257 Images in 41 Galleries

Chromolithography

Applied colors: printing
Widely used in print media around 1900, the chromolithographic printing process was first adapted for the Laterna Magica and then utilized to produce early animated films primarily aimed at children. These films were usually very short ...

105 Images in 3 Galleries

Hand coloring

Applied colors: Manual application

Coloring of individual frames by the use of very fine brushes. The process was previously applied to lantern slides. Any water based translucent dye was suited for the process, most often the coloring was done with acid dyes.

250 Images in 18 Galleries

Agfacolor Negative, type B 333

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, daylight
For more information on the Agfacolor chromogenic process see Agfacolor Neu / Agfacolor.

11 Images

Agfacolor Negative, type G 334

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Agfacolor Negative, type G 432

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten

Orwocolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

1022 Images in 27 Galleries

Orwochrom

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm

84 Images in 3 Galleries

Orwocolor NC 1

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Orwocolor NC 3

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Vericolor

Subtractive 2 color: unknown

40 Images

Vitacolor

Subtractive 2 color: Single coated

Fotoncolor OR Fotonkolor

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

1 Image

Hérault Trichrome

Additive 3 color: Alternately stained in red, green and blue
“The Hérault Trichrome process was demonstrated in Paris on 1 October 1926, with three films made by A. Rodde — a fashion show, a documentary on Brittany and a tableau of the Legend of the King of Ys. Hérault Trichrome was an extension of ...

12 Images in 1 Gallery

Hillman Process

Additive 3 color: Rotary filter, mirror system with two lenses

3 Images

Polychromide

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, later bi-pack, mordant dye
“Polychromide, a two-color subtractive process invented in 1918 by Aron Hamburger, achieved limited commercial success overseas, and was occasionally employed in England as late as 1933. Originally an orthochromatic and a panchromatic negative were ...

62 Images in 2 Galleries

Bi-pack

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, still photography
A. Gurtner (Eng. P. 7924/03; U.S.P. 730454), used a front element that was sensitive only to the blue, and a rear element that was sensitive up to but not including the red. He was the first person to suggest that the two films or plates be placed ...

1 Image

Chromo-Film

Additive 3 color: Double-sized film, rotary filter

Agfa-Gevaert

Subtractive 3 color

Kodacolor / Keller-Dorian Color

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen
“LENTICULAR PROCESS In 1896 R. E. Liesegang (Ahriman, 1896) suggested a photographic color process based upon the use of banded filters in the camera aperture. […] In 1909 R. Berthon (British Patent 10,611; see also Berthon, 1910a, b) ...

24 Images in 1 Gallery

Keller-Dorian

Additive 3 color: Lenticular screen

14 Images in 2 Galleries

Raycol

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, sawn-off lens

13 Images in 1 Gallery

Auto Natural Color / Bernardi

Additive 3 color: Beam-splitter, substandard

Theory of three-color photography

Theory

11 Images

Kingston Process

Additive three color process: rotary filters
Three black-and-white color separations were printed consecutively on one film strip and projected through the corresponding color filters, thus combining to one color image on screen.

Traube / Diachromie

Subtractive 3 color: Mordant toning, still photography
“In the imbibition process, a dye image is transferred from a gelatin relief image to a receiving layer made either of paper or film. Charles Cros described this method of “hydrotypie” transfer printing in 1880 and suggested it ...

Traube / Uvachrome

Subtractive 3 color: Mordanting, dye transfer, wash-off relief, still photography
“In the imbibition process, a dye image is transferred from a gelatin relief image to a receiving layer made either of paper or film. Charles Cros described this method of “hydrotypie” transfer printing in 1880 and suggested it ...

3 Images

Colorgraph / Cinecolorgraph

Subtractive 2 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated film
“The principle of the subtractive colour process was described first by Louis Ducos du Hauron in 1868. Although eminently suitable for colour motion pictures, the principle could not be applied until means were found of producing several colour ...

1 Image

Autochrome

Additive 3 color: Mosaic screen, still photography
“The Autochrome process was the first fully practical single-plate colour process to reach the photographic public. It was easy to use. The plate was loaded into a conventional holder, glass to the front. The exposure was made through a yellow ...

16 Images

Autochrome film / Cinécolor

Additive 3 color: Mosaic screen
Several attempts were made to apply the Autochrome process invented by the Lumière brothers to motion pictures. Transparent potato starch grains with a diameter of 15-20 were colored in the additive primaries red, green and blue. The spaces between ...

20 Images in 2 Galleries

Gasparcolor OR Gaspar Color

Subtractive 3 color: Silver dye-bleach multilayer print film

Gasparcolor was the first three-color multi-layer monopack film available for practical use. It was a double-coated print film with a cyan layer on one side and two layers dyed magenta and yellow on the other side (see illustrations).

388 Images in 24 Galleries

Jumeaux/Davidson

Additive 3 color: Prism

2 Images

Dye coupling

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
“One of the most elegant solutions to the problem of forming a colored image, lies in the utilization of the products formed by the action of the developer upon the latent image. By this means there is formed a dye image whose intensity follows ...

1 Image

Bocca-Rudatis

Additive 3 color: lenticular screen
The procedure for obtaining the lenticular elements in relief required a series of steps: starting from three black and white positive color separations, obtained with any of the available methods, three matrices were printed, from which the film to ...

1 Image

Dunning Color

Subtractive 3 color: Beam-splitter, double-coated

Proposal of a variety of processes of three-color photography

Theory
Description of a variety of color processes, even for images in motion by the use of a rotary shutter.

Hydrotypie / Hydrotype / dye transfer

Subtractive 3 color: Dye transfer, still photography
“In the imbibition process, a dye image is transferred from a gelatin relief image to a receiving layer made either of paper or film. Charles Cros described this method of “hydrotypie” transfer printing in 1880 and suggested it ...

Mondiacolor

Additive 3 color: Mosaic screen

Finlay

Additive 3 color: Regular mosaic screen, still photography

9 Images in 1 Gallery

Cinechrome

Additive 2 color: Prism, rotary filter, double-sized film
“[…] pictures were taken side by side, full-size, on double-width film, the film not only being perforated on the edges but also down the centre between the pairs of images.” (Klein, Adrian Bernhard = Cornwell-Clyne (1940): Colour ...

3 Images

Americolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack, duplitized

Cinecolor additive 2 color / Cinecolour

Additive 2 color: Beam-splitter, substandard

2 Images

Cinefotocolor

Subtractive 2 color: Bi-pack

Eastman Ektachrome 7251

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, high speed, color reversal, 16mm, daylight

Eastman Color Print Film 5384 / 7384

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color High Speed Negative Film 7292

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Print Film 5381 (1950)

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack
Not to be confused with the Eastman Color Print Film 5381 / 7381 from 1970.

Eastman Color Internegative Film 5243

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Internegative Film 5245

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Print Film 5382 / 7382

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Television Recording Film 5374 / 7374

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Reversal Color Print Film Type 5269 / 7387

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal
Eastman Kodak reversal film duplication stock for (semi)professional use. Replaced Type 5265. Type 7387 introduced in 1964 as improved version. Difficult to see the difference (BL).

Eastman Color Internegative Film 5270 / 7270

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Intermedeate Film 5253

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Print Film 7383

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Print Film 5385 / 7385

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman RP Negative Film 7229

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Reversal Print Film 7387

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal, 16 mm

Eastman Color Print Film 5744

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Print Film 7380

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman Direct MP Film 5360 / 7360

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Reversal Intermedeate Film 5249 / 7249

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, reversal

Eastman Color SP Print Film 5383 / 7383

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color SP Low Contrast (minus 25%) Print Film 5738 / 7738

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color LF Print Film 7378

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman Color LFSP Film 7379

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman Color II Negative, type 5247 / 7247 F

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color II Internegative Film 5272 / 7272 S

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color Negative Film 7291

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 100 ASA

Eastman Color LC Print Film 5380 / 7380

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Fine Grain Release Positive Film 5302 / 7302

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman EXR 100T Color Negative Film 7248

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman EXR 50D Color Negative Film 5245 / 7245

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman EXR 500T Color Negative Film 5296

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman EXR 100T Color Negative Film 5248

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, Tungsten, 100 ASA

Eastman EXR 500T Color Negative Film 7296

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack, 16mm

Eastman EXR Color Intermediate Film 5244 / 7244

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman EXR 200T Color Negative Film 5293 / 7293

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Experimental Eastman Separation Film (5238)

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman EXR Color Print Film 5386 / 7386

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman Color LC Print Film 5385 / 7385

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack

Eastman EXR 500T 5298 / 7298 (T)

Subtractive 3 color: Chromogenic monopack